What is the aim of Rule 2 (a) ?
Rule 2 (a) and Par. 2.1 General.
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What are good seamanship and special circumstances ?
Rule 2 (a) and (b) and Par. 2.2, Good seamanship and special circumstances.
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Give a few examples regarding negligence in complying with the Rules.
Par. 2.3, Negligence in complying with the Rules.
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Give some examples of precautionary measures required by good seamanship or by special circumstances.
Par. 2.4, Precautions required by good seamanship.
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Would you consider a give-way vessel at a distance of 5 miles to be an immediate danger ?
No. But, depending on the size, speed and course of the give-way vessel (which can be assessed on the radar), extra vigilance is required, especially if your own vessel is also rather large, fast, with a stopping distance of 2 to 3 miles.
If at a distance of 2 to 3 miles (depending on the circumstance) the give- way vessel does not show any incentive to alter course, I would start to take some precautionary measures such as calling the ship on VHF, sounding a warning signal. If the give-way vessel still does not react I will, in due course, seriously consider to apply Rule 17 and take action myself, such as reduce speed, stop engines, apply astern propulsion, alter course.
If I do not feel confident about the situation because it looks too complex or I still lack the necessary experience, I will immediatel inform the master to assist me.
Would you consider a complete steering gear failure in a narrow channel to be an immediate danger ?
Of course. As soon as the vessel is not under command (NUC), take all precautionary measures such as showing the NUC lights or shapes and sounding the sound signal – - — (U: You are running into danger). Reduce your speed or stop the ship by applying astern propulsion and hold the anchors ready to stop the vessel more drastically if necessary. Make sure anchors can be dropped on the spot where you are (e.g. cables, depth).
Is it appropriate to make a personal call on a mobile phone (GSM) while 7ntering or leaving a harbour ?
Marine Guidance Note (MGN 299 (M + F), Interference with safe navigation through inappropriate use of mobile phones.
In which circumstances is one allowed to depart from the Rules ?