Passenger Ships


Ship's Documents

DOCUMENTS AND CERTIFICATES REQUIRED BY LAW

PASSENGER SHIPS

In addition to the certificates for all ships, passenger ships must carry the following certificates:

Passenger Ship Safety Certificate

Every passenger ship must comply with the requirements of Chapters II-1, II-2, III, IV and V and any other relevant requirement of the SOLAS 74 Regulations as amended by the GMDSS amendments (which amended the 1978 Protocol), and the 1988 Protocol (which entered into force on 3 February 2000). After the prescribed initial or renewal survey has been carried out to the satisfaction of the Administration or authorized Organization, a Passenger Ship Safety Certificate (See azlso back of document) is issued to the passenger ship (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 12, par. (a) (i)). This Certificate must be supplemented by a Record of Equipment (see also side 2side 3 and side 4 of document) (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 12, par. (a) (vi)).

Quick Reference Guide


PASSENGER SHIP SAFETY CERTIFICATE


Legislation :SOLAS 74 as amended by the GMDSS amendments (which amended the 1978 Protocol), and the 1988 Protocol (which entered into force on 3 February 2000).

Application : passenger ships engaged on international voyages (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 1, par. (a) and Regulation 12, par. (a) (i)).

Duration and validity :maximum 12 months (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (a).


The Certificate shall cease to be valid:


if the relevant surveys and inspections are not completed as prescribed (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (i) (i));

upon transfer of the ship to the flag of another State (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (i) (iii)).

Extension :Exceptionally, when at the time of expiration of the certificate the ship is not in a port in which it is to be surveyed, the Administration may extend the period of validity for maximum 3 months to allow the ship to complete its voyage and only in cases it appears reasonable to do so (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (e)).
See also (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (b), (e), (f) and (g).

Surveys :an initial survey before the ship is put in service (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 7, par. (a) (i));

renewal survey once every 12 months, except where SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (b), (e), (f) and (g) is applicable (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 7, par. (a) (ii));

additional surveys, as occasion arises (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 7, par. (a) (iii));

Request :Owner or shipbuilder to the Administration (e.g. the Maritime Inspectorate) or to an authorized Organization (e.g. a classification society).

Issue :Administration or authorized Organization (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 12, par. (a) (viii)).

Inspections and surveys :Administration or authorized Organization (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 6, par. (a)).
Endorsements :where the relevant survey has been completed and regulation I/14(d) applies;

to extend the validity of the certificate until reaching the port of survey or for a period of grace where regulation I/14(e) or I/14(f) applies.

IMPORTANT NOTES

The Passenger Ship Safety Certificate must be supplemented by a Record of Equipment (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 12, par. (2) (vi)).

The Passenger Ship Safety Certificate may be supplemented by an Exemption Certificate.

Exemption Certificate

When an exemption is granted to a ship under and in accordance with the provisions of the SOLAS 74 Regulations as amended by the GMDSS amendments (which amended the 1978 Protocol), and the 1988 Protocol (which entered into force on 3 February 2000), a certificate called an Exemption Certificate shall be issued in addition to the relevant prescribed certificate (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 12, par. (a) (vii)). It shall not be valid for longer than the period of the certificate to which it refers (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter I, Regulation 14, par. (a)).

Special Trade Passenger Ships

Under the provisions of the Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971, a form of safety certificate is issued for special trade passenger ships (International Conference on Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1971 - STP 71, Regulation 6).

It concerns mainly the carriage of large unberthed passengers in special trades such as pilgrim trade.

Special Trade Passenger Ships Space Certificate

Under the provisions of the protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973, a Special Trade Passenger Ships Space Certificate is issued (International Conference on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973 - SSTP 73, Rule 5).

It concerns mainly technical rules covering the safety aspect of the carriage of passengers in special trade passenger ships, such as those carrying pilgrims.

Search and Rescue Co-operation Plan

Passenger ships to which chapter I of SOLAS 74 applies, trading on fixed routes, shall have on board a plan for co-operation with appropriate search and rescue services in event of an emergency.

The plan shall be developed in co-operation between the ship and the relevant search and rescue services and it must be approved by the Administration. (SOLAS 74, Annex, Chapter V, Regulation 15, par. (c) - 1995 amendments).

As a guide, refer also to the following resolutions adopted by the Organization:

  • Homing capability of search and rescue aircraft (res. A.225(vii);
  • IMO Search and Rescue Manual (IMOSAR) (res. A.439(XI);
  • Use of radar transponders for search and rescue purposes (res. A.530(13).

List of Operational Limitations

On passenger ships to which Chapter I of SOLAS 74 applies, a list of all limitations of the ship, including exemptions from any of the SOLAS regulations, restrictions in operating areas, weather restrictions, sea state restrictions, restrictions in permissible loads, trim, speed and any other limitations, whether imposed by the Administration or established during the design or the building stages, shall be compiles before the ship is put in service.

The list, together with any necessary explanation, shall be documented to the satisfaction of the Administration, and shall be kept on board readily available to the master. (SOLAS 1974, Annex, Chapter V, Regulation 23 - 1995 amendments.)

Decision Support for Masters

In all passenger ships, a decision support system for emergency management shall be provided on the navigation bridge. (SOLAS 1974, Annex, Chapter III, Regulation 24-4, par.(2).)